Solar panel theft is a key issue for owners and operators of renewable energy sites in the UK. When criminals steal from solar sites, this impacts their revenue. Furthermore, insurance claims and the cost and time associated with replacing panels impacts operations.

As experts in solar farm security, we have written this short article offering solutions to help deter panel theft.

In addition to criminals stealing panels from solar farms, reports in the UK press highlight just how lucrative they are to criminals. Other locations with solar panels in use and stroage are also the target for criminals.

Solar Site CCTV Monitoring & Protection systems

Deterring solar panel theft

In this short article, we offer some advice on the security measures that can help deter solar panel theft and catch thieves in the act.

Owners and operators of solar farms are responsible for maintaining revenue and operational continuity.

The impact of solar panel theft can be disastrous.

Here are various ways you can deter panel theft from solar farms in the UK.

Related reading:

Deterring solar panel theft with offsite CCTV monitoring

Owners and operators of solar farms don’t have to deal with the threat of crime daily. However, when they are the victims of crime, the cost can easily run into hundreds of thousands, if not millions. This largely depends on the size and scale of the operation.

Employing onsite security guards to patrol the site and monitor CCTV footage can be expensive.

Three guards could easily cost over £100,000 in salaries alone.

Alternatively, CCTV monitoring provides a cost-effective, robust alternative to managing solar farm security.

Here’s how it works:

  • The system is deployed in the usual way
  • Cameras are positioned to watch over the panels
  • Each camera has sensors designed to spot human presence
  • If the system is triggered, an alarm signal is received at an offsite monitoring centre
  • The CCTV footage is reviewed
  • If a security threat is spotted, appropriate action can be taken

In many cases, CCTV monitoring can reduce the cost of security by around 80%

Looking to learn more about CCTV monitoring?

Here are two articles we have written covering this topic:

Solar Farm Perimeter Fence

Deterring solar panel theft with perimeter security

The site perimeter is the first line of defence.

A robust perimeter security system can help prevent thieves from accessing the site. Security fencing helps deter thieves and trespassers.

As mentioned in the previous section of this article, CCTV cameras help monitor suspicious activity within the site perimeter.

To ensure maximum security, CCTV cameras and alarms can protect the site perimeter.

If you work with an experienced solar farm security company, they should be building the following protection and detection systems into the system:

  • PIR beams and sensors. If an intruder triggers a beam or sensor, it raises an alert. Following this, your offsite CCTV monitoring team will review the footage and take immediate action where needed
  • Infra-Red (IR) lighting and illuminators. IR lighting and illuminators are deployed in areas where environmental considerations limit the use of traditional security lighting. IR lighting and illuminators provide an element of stealth to the system. A thief or trespasser won’t see the light, and will be oblivious to the fact they are being monitored. Furthermore, the monitoring station will see the intruder. Perfect for apprehending criminals
  • Perimeter intrusion detection systems (PIDs). This can be in the form of fence, ground mounted or buried vibration detection systems.
  • Video analytics. Due to the rural nature of solar farms, the presence of wildlife around the site perimeter is unavoidable. Advanced video analytics can help distinguish between a cow and an intruder leading to improved detection and reduced false alarms

Deterring solar panel theft with access control

If you are providing access to your solar site via lock and key, you could be impacting security.

If you don’t appriately monitor general site access during the build phase, you could be inviting crime.


During the build phase of utility-scale solar farms, hundreds of site workers will be accessing the site.

Upon completion of the site, maintenance staff are likely to visit the site to carry out checks and remedial works.

By deploying a monitored access control system, you can track and trace access to the site on an individual basis.

If you don’t, a criminal gang could have a ‘man on the inside’. This person could comfortably provide intel on the site and provide thieves with easy access to the site late at night.

But what about CCTV monitoring? Surely this suffices?

Criminals are resourceful and take risks. The chief beneficiaries of theft aren’t necessarily the perpetrators. Those stealing the panels are likely doing so on behalf of another.

If you deploy a trackable fob, or key card access control system, you will know if someone has accessed the site at 3am, or who they are.

For more information on the services Safeguard Systems offer related to this article, here are some useful links: